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乡村旅游在国外已有30多年的历史

网址:www.jsxipu.com时间:2024-03-13 14:32:06(部分内容来源于网络,不代表本站观点)

农家乐”旅游的雏形来自于国内外的乡村旅游,并将国内特有的乡村景观、民风民俗等融为一体,因而具有鲜明的乡土烙印。同时,它也是人们旅游需求多样化、闲暇时间不断增多、生活水平逐渐提高和“文明病”、“城市病”加剧的必然产物,是旅游产品从观光层次向较高的度假休闲层次转化的典型例子。
The embryonic form of "farmhouse tourism" comes from rural tourism both domestically and internationally, and integrates unique rural landscapes, folk customs, etc., thus possessing a distinct local imprint. At the same time, it is also an inevitable product of people's diversified tourism needs, increasing leisure time, gradually improving living standards, and intensifying "civilization disease" and "urban disease". It is a typical example of the transformation of tourism products from sightseeing to higher levels of vacation and leisure.
乡村旅游在国外已有30多年的历史,开展得比较成功的,大部分是一些欧美发达国家。20世纪60年代初,当时的旅游大国西班牙把乡村的城堡进行一定的装修改造成为饭店,用以留宿过往客人,这种饭店称为“帕莱多国营客栈”;同时,把大农场、庄园进行规划建设,提供徒步旅游、骑马、滑翔、登山、漂流、参加农事活动等项目,从而开创了世界乡村旅游的先河。以后,乡村旅游在美国、法国、波兰、日本等国家得到倡导和大发展。1996年,美国农村客栈总收入为40亿美元。1997年,美国有1800万人前往乡村、农场度假,仅在美国东部便有1500个观光农场,在西部还有为数众多的专门用于旅游的牧场。法国有1.6万多户农家建立了家庭旅馆,推出农庄旅游,全国33%的游人选择了乡村度假,乡村旅游每年接待游客200万,能给农民带来700亿法郎的收入,相当于全国旅游收入的1/4。
Rural tourism has a history of more than 30 years in foreign countries, and the most successful ones are developed countries in Europe and America. In the early 1960s, Spain, a major tourist country at the time, renovated rural castles into hotels to accommodate passing guests. This type of hotel was called the "Pareto State Inn"; At the same time, the planning and construction of large farms and estates were carried out, providing projects such as hiking, horseback riding, gliding, mountaineering, rafting, and participating in agricultural activities, thus pioneering the world of rural tourism. In the future, rural tourism will be advocated and greatly developed in countries such as the United States, France, Poland, and Japan. In 1996, the total revenue of rural inns in the United States was $4 billion. In 1997, 18 million people in the United States went on vacation to rural areas and farms. There were 1500 sightseeing farms in the eastern United States alone, and numerous ranches specifically designed for tourism in the western region. More than 16000 rural households in France have established homestays and launched farm tourism. 33% of tourists in the country choose rural vacations. Rural tourism receives 2 million tourists annually, bringing farmers an income of 70 billion francs, equivalent to 1/4 of the national tourism income.

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